ACSI Leadership Network - Early Education

Cultivating and Measuring Growth Through Observation, Screening, Assessment, and Documentation

  • 1.  Cultivating and Measuring Growth Through Observation, Screening, Assessment, and Documentation

    Posted 06-22-2022 09:06:00 AM

    Thank you for joining me for tonight's peer support network meeting. It was a joy to brainstorm with you about the importance of observation and assessment. Please find resources referenced in the session below:

    Promoting flourishing through observation and assessment 

    Presentation with notes

    New Standards for Biblical Learning for Young Learners by Lifeway

    Early Learning Standards all 50 states

    ExceleRate Illinois

    Developmental Area/Test Name

    Adaptive/Functional Skills

    • Developmental Pre-Feeding Checklist*

    • Functional Independence Measure (WeeFIM)*

    • Oral-Motor/Feeding Scale*

    • Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI)/PEDI-CAT*

    • Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised

    • Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Third Edition (Vineland-3)


    Must be used in conjunction with one of the approved communication tools for evaluation & assessment

    • Arizona -3 [norm-referenced]

    • Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation [norm-referenced]

    • Hodson Assessment of Phonological Patterns-3 (HAPP-3) [criterion-referenced for under 3s]


    • Functional Emotional Assessment Scales (FEAS) [criterion-referenced]

    • Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) [norm-referenced]


    • Mac Arthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories [parent questionnaire]

    • Pre-School Language Scale (PLS 4 or 5) [norm-referenced]

    • Receptive Expressive Emergent Language Scale (REEL) [norm-referenced]

    • Receptive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test [norm-referenced]

    • Reynell Developmental Language Scales-American Version [norm-referenced]

    • Rosetti Infant Toddler Language Scale [criterion-referenced]

    • Sequenced Inventory of Communication Development (SICD) [norm-referenced]

    • SKI-HI Learning Development Scales (Hearing Impaired 0-3) [curriculum-based]

    • Test of Early Communication and Emerging Language [norm-referenced]


    • Assessment Evaluation & Programming System (AEPS) [Curriculum-based, criterion-referenced]

    • Battelle Developmental Inventory [norm-referenced]

    • Bayley Scales of Infant Development-3 [norm-referenced]

    • Brigance Inventory of Early Development III (IED III) [has both criterion and norm-referenced information]

    • Carolina Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers [criterion-referenced]

    • Developmental Assessment of Young Children-2 (DAYC-2) [norm-referenced]

    • Developmental Profile 3 [norm-referenced] (Formally known as the Alpern Boll Developmental Profile II)

    • Early Learning Accomplishment Profile (ELAP) [criterion-referenced]

    • Hawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP) [curriculum-based]

    • Infant Development Inventory (IDI) [parent questionnaire]

    • INSITE (for visually/multi-sensory impaired) [checklist]

    • Infant-Toddler Developmental Assessment (IDA) [criterion-referenced]

    • Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) [norm-referenced]

    • Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment-2 (TPBA-2) [observational assessment]


    • Conditioning Play Audiometry (CPA)

    • ELF Early Listening Function - assessment only

    • Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE)

    • Pure tone hearing test, air

    • Select Picture audiometry

    • Speech Awareness Thresholds (SAT)

    • Speech Discrimination Test

    • Tympanometry

    • Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA)


    • Alberta Infant Motor Scale [norm-referenced]

    • Erhardt Developmental Prehension Assessment

    • Gross Motor Function Measures - use only in conjunction with a tool that provides age equivalents or % delay

    • Peabody Developmental/Motor Scales-2 [norm-referenced]

    • Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) [norm-referenced]

    • Toddler and Infant Motor Evaluation (TIME) [norm-referenced]


    Assessments only; use only in conjunction with a tool that provides age equivalents

    • Infant Toddler Sensory Profile

    • Sensory Processing Measure -Preschool [SPM-P]

    • Test of Sensory Functioning in Infants

    Social Emotional

    • Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist [norm-referenced]

    • Carey Temperament Scales - use only in conjunction with a tool that provides age equivalents or % delay

    • Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Infants and Toddlers (DECA I/T)/Devereux Early Childhood Assessment - Clinical Form (DECA-C) [norm-referenced]

    • Early Coping Inventory [observation tool]

    • Functional Emotional Assessment Scale (FEAS) [criterion-referenced]

    • Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) [norm-referenced]

    • Parenting Stress Index - Short Form (PSI-SF) - assessment only; use only in conjunction with a tool that provides age equivalents

    • Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised

    • Temperament & Atypical Behavior Scale (TABS)

    • Vineland Social Emotional Early Childhood Scale [norm-referenced]


    • Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale; assessment only


    • The Oregon Project Global Assessment Tool; assessment only

    Sample assessment calendars are attached below.

    Have a wonderful school year!


    1. Barna, G. (2020). Hettie Brittzon the Stages of Children's Spiritual Development in Guiding Children.

    2. Bredekamp, S. (2019). Effective practices in early childhood education. (Chapter 11, pp. 343–344, 345–347, 348, 350–352). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

    3. Halasz, S. (2020). Appropriate Faith Development Through the Years. Children's Ministry.

    4. "Evangelism Is Most Effective Among Kids." BarnaGroup, 2009. (accessed April 22, 2019).

    5. "Kids and Salvation Survey." Ministry-To-Children, 2019. (accessed April 22, 2019).

    6. Jack P. Shonkoff and others, "The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Adversity and Toxic Stress," Pediatrics 129 (1) (2012), available at; Amar Hamoudiand others, "Self-Regulation and Toxic Stress: A Review of Ecological, Biological, and Developmental Studies of Self-Regulation and Stress" (Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015), available at; Harvard University Center on the Developing Child, "Tackling Toxic Stress," available at (last accessed March 2016); Heather Sandstrom and Sandra Huerta, "The Negative Effects of Instability on Child Development: A Research Synthesis" (Washington: Urban Institute, 2013), available at; Malik and others, "Child Care Deserts."; Patrice L. Engle and Maureen M. Black, "The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes" (San Luis Obispo, CA: California Polytechnic State University; Baltimore: University of Maryland Baltimore, 2008), available at; Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2002 (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2002), available at

    7. Ross A. Thompson and Ron Haskins, "Early Stress Gets under the Skin: Promising Initiatives to Help Children Facing ChronicAdversity" (The Future of Children, 2014), available at

    8. Karen Schulman and W. Steven Barnett, "The Benefits of Prekindergarten for Middle-Income Children" Policy Report (New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research, 2005), available at (last access October 2016)

    9.  Caitlin Mclean and others, "Early Childhood Workforce Index 2020" (Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California, Berkeley, 2021), available at

    10. Leila Schochet, "The Importance of Child Care Safety Protections" (Washington: Center for American Progress, 2017), available at

    11. Keeley, R. J. (2010). Faith development and faith formation: More than just ages and stages. Lifelong Faith, 20-27.

    12. Kennedy, John W. "The 4-14 Window." Christianity Today, 2004,

    17. "Who is Responsible for Children's Faith Formation." BarnaGroup, March 19, 2019. (accessed April 23, 2019).

    18. Stetzer, Ed. "Raising Kids in a Confused Culture.", February 5, 2019, / (accessed April 23, 2019).

    19. "Young Bible Readers More Likely to be Faithful Adults." LifeWayResearch, August 17, 2017. / (accessed April 23, 2019).

    20. VandeZande, Ann. "How to Share the Gospel with Your Child." Focus on the Family Magazine, June/July 2017. (accessed April 23, 2019).

    21. Spinner, J. (2022, February 10). Developmental milestones just changed for the first time in years. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 16, 2022, from /

    22. Leak, G. K., Loucks, A. A., & Bowlin, P. (1999). Development and initial validation of an objective measure of faith development. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 9(2), 105-124.

    23. Myers, J. E. (2009). Children's spiritual development: Analysis of program practices and recommendations for early childhood professionals. University of North Texas.

    24. Penn, A. (2013). The Christian Education Mandate: Equipping Kingdom Kids to Impact the World for Christ. Penn Consulting.

    25. Penn, A. (2019) Purposeful Planner. Penn Consulting.

    26. Penn, A. (2019). Purposeful Play: Designing developmentally appropriate learning centers with intention. Penn Consulting.

    27. Swaner, L., Marshall, C., & Tesar, S. (2019). Flourishing schools Flourishing Schools Culture Report. Retrieved December 29, 2021, from

    28. Tenelshof, J. K., & Furrow, J. L. (2000). The Role of Secure Attachment in Predicting Spiritual Maturity of young learners at a Conservative Seminary. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 28(2), 99–108.

    Harms, T., Clifford, R. M., & Cryer, D. (2005). Early childhood environment rating scale. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. Retrieved from Pianta, R. C., La Paro, K. M., & Hamre, B. K. (2008). Classroom assessment scoring system. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company, Inc. Retrieved from

    HighScope Educational Research Foundation. (2017). Preschool program quality assessment. Red-e Set Grow, LLC. Retrieved from

    Althea Penn
    Director of Early Education
    ACSI Headquarters
    Colorado Springs CO
    (678) 557-8684